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Saturday, May 16, 2009

Impersonal IT

Impersonal "IT" biasanya digunakan:

A. Sebagai "Pronoun" (kata ganti) yang menggantikan kata benda tunggal. Bentuk jamak dari “It” adalah “They”

  • Look at that cat; It is eating a mouse.
  • I buy a book; it is an English book.
  • I have two cars; they are in the garage now.

B. Sebagai Preparatory (pendahuluan/pengantar kalimat) bila digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang berhubungan dengan:

  • Waktu, hari, tanggal, hari, dan sejenisnya.
  • Situasi atau Keadaan.
  • Jarak.

1. Waktu

  • It is seven o'clock.
  • It is Saturday today.
  • What is the date today? It is the second of April today.

2. Situasi atau Keadaan

  • It is sunny today.
  • It can be very warm in October
  • It rained for four days.
  • It's a fine day.

3. Jarak

  • How far is it to Jakarta? It is sixty-three kilometers.
  • It's five miles to the nearest garage.
  • It's far to the museum.

C. Sebagai Introductory atau Preparatory subjek atau objek, bila subjek atau objek dari kalimat adalah Infinitive atau Clause.

1. Adjective/Participle dengan "that-clauses".

  • Participle. ("that-clauses" yang menyatakan Rekasi Emosi).


  • It shocked me that Elizabeth didn't tell anybody where she was.
  • It worried me a bit that she didn't phone.

Adjective dan Participle lainnya yang biasanya digunakan dengan "that-clauses" adalah: amazed, angry, certain, confident, dispointed, pleased, proud, sad, alarmed, annoyed, astonished, sorry, dll.

Dan juga Adjective lain yang mempunyai a Prepositional Phrase sebagai Complement, seperti: certain of, annoyed at, pleased with, dll.

  • Adjective


  • It is interesting you should like her.
  • It's true that she never turned up.
  • It's possible that we'll a bit late.
  • It appears that William might change his mind.
  • It seems obvious that we can't go on like this.

Beberapa Adjective lain yang sering digunakan dalam kasus ini adalah" certain, evident, likely, obvious, probable, dllc. "That-clause" yang menyatakan Reaksi Emosi dan dugaan "putative" idea disusun seperti tersebut di atas, dapat pula menggunakan kata-kata berikut ini:
curious, extraordinary, fortunate, important, odd, sad, alarming, disconcerting, embarrassing, fitting, irritating, shocking, surprising, dll.

2. Adjective dengan "to-infinitive"


  • To remember all of my classmates is difficult. ( = It is difficult to remember all of my classmates )
  • To be with you is nice. ( = It is nice to be with you)
  • To meet you again is so glad. ( = It is so glad to meet you again)

Beberapa Adjective yang wring digunakan dalam bentuk seperti tersebut di atas adalah: difficult, impossible, good, glad, delighted, important, wise, wrong, necessary, clever, kind, naught, rude, silly, cruel, easy, dll.

D. Sebagai Preparatory Subject .


  • It doesn't interest me whether you succed or not.
  • It wasn't very clear what she meant.
  • It's a mistery what he sees in her.
  • It's surprising how many unhappy marriages there are.

E. Sebagai a preparatory subject untuk : for + object -+ infinitive

  • It's impossible for us to go by car.
  • It will suit me best for you to arrive at about ten o'clock.
  • It's essential for the classrooms to have plenty light.
  • It's important for me to join the club.

F. Sebagai Preparatory Subject dengan bentuk "-ING".


  • It was nice seeing you.
  • It's crazy her going off like that.
  • Is it worth reserving a seat?
  • It's not much good expecting Mary to help.

G. Menunjuk kepada Nothing, Everything, All serta subject lainnya yang tidak pernah digunakan dalam Question Tags.


  • Nothing happens, does it?
  • Everything has now been revealed, hasn't it?
  • Nothing can stop us now, can it?
  • This is the first bus, is it?
  • Nice day, isn't it?

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